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Fire Door Inspection Checklist

Fire door assemblies are a vital part of a building’s passive fire protection system. They help compartmentalize fire and provide time for building occupants to exit the building in the event of a fire. Fire doors can also help prevent the spread of smoke and other toxic gasses.

Considering the major role of fire doors in saving lives, the NFPA 80 – Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives requires building owners and property managers to ensure their fire doors and other protectives are functioning well. This can be done through a periodic fire door assembly inspection with qualified technicians.

A fire door inspection can help identify discrepancies in your door so you can provide immediate action and be fire-ready all the time. So how do you know whether your fire doors are still in good condition? What are the things you need to make sure so your fire doors will pass the inspection? 

Well, knowing a thing or two about the criteria for passing the fire door inspection will definitely give you an advantage. Here’s a fire door inspection checklist you can follow.

Fire Door Inspection Checklist

The NFPA 80 fire door inspection checklist provides a rundown of the items that technicians will normally go through during the inspection to assess fire doors and protectives.

 

  • Labels are visible and legible. If a label is missing from your fire doors, you need to have it redone by an authorized labeling service.
  • Door frames must not have any holes. If there are holes, they must be treated as a field modification and filled according to standards.
  • Glass kits and beads must be intact. New standards have also required that the glazing in fire doors must be labeled with information.
  • Doors, frames, and hardware must work properly. Assemblies will have to undergo visual inspection and operational testing to check how they work.
  • No missing or broken parts. In case of deficiencies, the technician will take note of them while the owners will make sure they are repaired without delay.
  • Door clearance must be within allowable limits. According to NFPA 80, the allowable limit for fire doors must be 3/4 inch under the bottom, 1/8 inch between the door and the frame, while meeting edges for a pair of doors must be 1/8 inch.
  • The door must close automatically. Technicians will inspect the automatic mechanism of the fire door closing and spring hinges. 
  • Doors must leave close in proper sequence. This applies only if there are two pairs of doors and one leaf must close before the other.
  • Doors must be self-latching when close. This will ensure that the doors will remain closed in the event of a fire. This mechanism will prevent smoke and flames from spreading to other rooms.
  • No auxiliary hardware. These are unacceptable items that you should not install in your fire doors because they might hinder their efficiency such as mechanical hold-open hardware.
  • No field medication. Any field modification must be approved by the listing laboratory.
  • Observe proper gasketing. Gasketing must be applied only on the proper type of fire door. Take note that gaskets are generally required for fire doors in corridors and smoke barriers. But it is not required for all fire assemblies.
  • Signage requirements. There must be signage on the door and it must cover less than 5% of the door face. NFPA 80 further requires that it be attached using adhesive instead of screws.

fire door inspection checklist

What is a fire door inspection checklist?

A fire door inspection checklist is a list of items that inspectors will go through during a fire inspection. By systematically going through the checklist, technicians can identify any deficiencies or issues that may compromise the effectiveness of the fire doors in compartmentalizing fire and smoke.

As an owner or property manager, knowing the items in this checklist is important for building and home fire safety. Awareness of the necessary dos and don’ts of a fire door inspection can help you prepare for a fire inspection. It also helps your building or home stay compliant with the NFPA 80 standards.

What is the NFPA 80?

NFPA 80 – Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives is the general standard used for fire safety in commercial buildings and homes. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) has developed these measures for the installation, maintenance, and inspection of fires, including fire windows and other opening protectives.

It aims to improve fire safety in buildings and protect the lives of people in case of a fire incident where people need to quickly evacuate the building. Under these standards, commercial buildings need to make sure that their fire doors are working properly so they can help save lives during a fire.

What are the requirements for NFPA 80 door inspection?

The requirements under NFPA 80 are that fire door inspections must be conducted once every year. This will involve a thorough examination of each fire door in your building, including other opening protectives. During the inspection, technicians will visually assess each door and conduct operational testing to ensure they are working as intended.

The visual inspection will involve checking whether the doors have proper labels and clearances. Most importantly, technicians will check whether the doors are still fire-resistant and self-closing. They will also check the integrity of smoke and fire seals, and assess any damaged parts so they can immediately be replaced by the building owner or property manager.

What is required once the inspection is over?

After the inspection is completed, you must keep all the records of all the inspection and testing results. The information must include the inspector’s name or the company who conducted the inspection, the list of fire doors that have been inspected, including the results for each of them.

The record will be signed by the inspector and kept for review by authorities having jurisdiction over the matter. You must retain the records for three years for purposes of the next inspections unless otherwise stated. If after the inspection, there are doors that need repair or replacement, you must repair or replace them without delay.

In maintaining fire safety, time is always of the essence. Don’t wait until something bad happens before doing anything to correct discrepancies and fire hazards in your building. Part of responsible ownership and compliance is adhering to NFPA 80 standards.

Conclusion

Fire door inspections, whether after installation or maintenance work, are crucial for fire safety. This requirement together with maintaining an inventory will increase your preparedness in an event of fire. If you are looking for fire-rated doors that are compliant with NFPA 80 standards you can trust Grand Valley Lock Shop for your needs. We have a wide selection of fire doors and fire safety locks that you can choose from or better yet request a free quote for more information.

 

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